Southwest Airlines is a launch customer for the new Boeing 737 Max. Photo courtesy of Southwest Airlines
Southwest Airlines is set to get its first Boeing 737 Max 8 this month under an accelerated fleet modernization plan that calls for the carrier to begin operations of that next-generation Boeing narrow body by Oct. 1 and retire its last "classic" 737s before then.
Retirement of the remaining 737-300s will remove the last non-Wi-Fi-equipped transports from Southwest's fleet, making room for Max 8s fitted with Global Eagle Entertainment Ku-band global satellite connectivity system. Global Eagle has provided satellite-based broadband internet on all of Southwest’s 737-700s and 737-800s since early 2013.
“We are in the final lap this quarter preparing for the launch of the 737 Max 8 on Oct. 1 along with the retirement of our Classic fleet in late September,” Southwest Chairman and CEO Gary Kelly said July 27 while discussing the airline’s performance in the second quarter.
Southwest reported a net income of $746 million for the second quarter, compared to $820 million in the same period in 2016, a decrease of about 8.8%. Operating revenues for the quarter were $5.74 billion, up about 6.7% from $5.38 billion in 2016's second quarter. Operating expenses totaled $4.5 billion, 9.4% from the $4.1 billion spent in the same quarter last year. Kelly said the airline’s operating margin exceed 21%.
Southwest's quarterly revenue passenger miles grew 5.1% year-over-year, to about 34.4 billion from 32.7 million. That growth rate matched its increase in capacity, from slightly more than 38.2 billion available seat miles to just over 40.1 billion. The airlines load factor was even at 85.6%. But its unit revenue, or yield, increased just 1.5%, to 15.22 cents per revenue passenger mile from 15.0 cents in 2016's second quarter.
Kelly said the carrier’s first 737 Max 8 is due for delivery this month and it expects to have 10 by the end of September.
At the second quarter’s end on June 30, Southwest had a fleet of 735 Boeing 737s, including 69 Classic 737-300s (21 of which were leased). With the last -300 retirements, the fleet would shrink to 688 at the end of third quarter, Kelly said, and then grow to 707 by year’s end. “We still expect to be at 750 aircraft at year-end 2018.”
Southwest in 2011 became Boeing’s 737 Max launch customer with an order for 150 of the narrow-body twins, which are powered by CFM International LEAP-1B engines and whose flight deck is fitted with four 15.1-inch landscape flight displays developed by Rockwell Collins.
The 175-seat 737 Max 8s, which have Boeing-designed Advanced Technology winglets and other improvements to make them more efficient and reliable than other narrow bodies, according to the OEM. Kelly said those efficiencies, including a fuel burn close to 14% better than other types, should help Southwest’s bottom line by carrying more passengers at lower costs. The Max 8s will replace 139- to 143-seat -300s.